There are many types of nail disorders, caused by physical trauma, underlying health condition or a fungal infection. Once a right treatment is followed, one can easily get rid of a nail fungal infection by the growth of a new and non-infected nail.
Healthy nails indicates the overall health of an individual. Delicate skin on the tip of our fingers are protected from chemicals, hot water, injury by the presence of tough nails. Yet, nails can weaken, break and get infected by fungus. There are several types of nail disorders and some of them are cited here.
Symptoms of Nail Disorders
There are various signs and symptoms that indicate the occurrence of a nail disorder. Thick or brittle nails, nail discoloration, lifting of the nail from the nail bed , are some of the common symptoms of nail disorders. It is quite possible that you are having some type of nail disorder. Some other symptoms include scars and pits on the nail, painful red swelling and lesions.
Nail Disorders and their Causes
Nail disorders are mainly caused by the physical injury to the nail, fungal infection and skin diseases like leprosy, eczema and psoriasis. With the lack of necessary minerals and vitamins, your nail could become fragile and thin. Usually silver and arsenic are the cause of nail pigmentation.
Different Types Of Nail Disorders
Nail discoloration is usually caused by medications, chemicals from hair dyes and nail varnish. Agents used in chemotherapy and antimalarial drugs may also cause nail discoloration. Dark discoloration may also be caused due to the bleeding under the nail plate.
Onychoschiza or Brittle Splitting Nails
In this type of nail disorder, the nail plate develops horizontal splitting. This type of nail disorder is commonly reported among women since their nails are exposed to water and harsh detergents used for cleaning purposes. Oil and moisture present in the nail aids in joining the layers of the nail plate together. With growing age, the natural oil and moisture of the nail is greatly reduced. Thus, to keep the nails hydrated, one should apply a good quality nail-oil that contains vitamin E and jojoba oil as the important ingredient.
Onychomycosis or Nail Fungal Infection
Onychomycosis is caused by a group of fungi, called dermatophytes. A green or yellow spot under the tip of your nail is the main symptom of nail fungal infection or onychomycosis. The nail becomes brittle, thick and misshapen because of the fungus. The fungus eats away the protein of the nail, called keratin. Onychomycosis is usually caused by a nail-injury or by walking barefoot in places like communal shower or swimming pools.
Oncholysis includes the lifting away of the nail from the nail bed. The space left between the nail and the nail plate gets discolored due to the infection with bacteria and yeast. The exposure of water under the nail causes the nail fungal infection. Nail lifting may occur with some forms of infections, underlying medical problems and injury to the nail.
Paronychia is a bacterial nail infection caused by bacteria, viruses and fungi. It causes an inflammation around the region of the finger or toe from which the nail plate originates. The inflammation produced is usually of two types: acute (short-term) and the one that keeps coming back (chronic). This nail disorder can easily spread from person to person and often found in individuals who have their hands in water for a very long time.
Nail disorder can make a life difficult and problematic for the patient. If you would would like more information about curing nail fungus this website, nail-fungus-cures-that-work.com, has loads of great information.